Making a yeast starter can improve your beer and make sure your beer ferments efficiently. Here's more reasons it's worth doing, and how to do it
1. Increase cell count. Having a high pitching rate makes better beer.2. Increase cell viability. Healthy yeast cells ferment quickly, produce minimal fermentation by-products, attenuate sufficiently (ferment to a proper final gravity), can ferment high-gravity worts, and have more tolerance for high concentrations of alcohol.3. Reach full attenuation. An insufficient amount of cells may ferment sluggishly or incompletely, especially in a high-gravity or lager wort.4. Shorten growth. Reducing the duration of the lag and growth phases minimises the opportunity for wort contamination and the formation of fermentation by-products.5. Improve beer flavour and aroma. Underpitching creates stress and too much work for too few cells. Stressed cells are more likely to create off-flavours or aromas in the finished beer. Unpredictability is not something a brewer needs.
A 1000ml starter is appropriate for a 20-litre (five-gallon) batch of ale of up to about 1.080 starting gravity, or a lager of up to about 1.060 starting gravity. A 2000ml starter is appropriate for a 20-litre (five-gallon) batch of ale of gravity over 1.080 or a lager up to 1.080.
The following instructions are for making a one-pint starter in a 1000 mL flask using a Wyeast Activator ‘smack’ pack.
1. Break the inner pouch to activate the yeast; ideally, the yeast would be allowed to incubate for three hours, but it can be pitched immediately.
2. In a pan, bring 650 ml of water to a boil. Once the water reaches a boil, remove from heat and stir with 120ml of dry malt extract. Return to heat and gently boil the wort for 15 minutes.
3. Sanitise the flask, foam stopper, yeast pack, and a pair of scissors.
4. Carefully pour the wort into the flask, then attach the foam stopper. Using a hot pad or potholder, move the container to a cold-water bath. Add ice or cold water to speed cooling.
5. Once the wort has cooled to 29ºC or lower, remove the stopper and pitch the yeast. Re-attach the foam stopper and shake or swirl the flask to aerate the wort and help the yeast.
6. Allow the yeast starter to ferment for at least 12 hours. Usually, a fermenting yeast starter will not exhibit the same indicators of fermentation as your main batch such as krausen and a bubbling airlock). Instead, look for a cloudy appearance, ‘yeasty’ or ‘beery’ aroma (instead of sweet and ‘worty’), and a layer of white sediment on the very bottom of the flask.
7. Pitch the starter into the main batch. Swirl the flask to pick up the sediment at the bottom, and pour it into the fermenter. Alternatively, you may wish to decant the spent wort from the flask and add only the thick yeast slurry at the bottom. To decant the spent wort – chill the flask for several hours to cause the yeast cells to settle, then pour the wort off of the top. Before pitching, add 100-200 ml of boiled and cooled water or wort to the flask and swirl vigorously to dislodge the slurry.
To make a 2000ml batch use 1300ml of water and 230ml of dry malt extract and follow the same instructions.
Putting your yeast starter on a stir plate (see p51) will greatly increase the rate of growth and the size of the yeast culture. A 0.5-litre starter on a stir plate will produce the same cell count as a two-litre non-stirred culture. A starter on a stir plate will usually be ready to pitch in about 12 hours instead of 24.
Father’s Day, 19th June 2022, is the special date in the calendar when we celebrate and give a nod to the Dads in our lives. It’s an excuse to spoil them with a little something to say thank you for being awesome. If you’re looking for inspiration for a craft beer-loving Dad, then check out our top 7 Father’s Day beer gifts.
Every year, Beer Hawk releases a lineup of limited edition craft beer mixed cases for the holiday season. This year's lineup of festive Christmas beer gifts is guaranteed to put a smile on everyone’s face.
Remember the childhood excitement of opening a new door on your advent calendar every day in the run up to Christmas? It gave each day a little sparkle of festive magic, even though those tiny chocolates behind the doors were always a bit rubbish. How would you like to recapture that childhood magic, but with bottles of delicious beer instead of powdery chocolate? Sounds amazing, right? In that case, you need to get your hands on our Craft Beer Advent Calendar.
Pairing beer and food together isn’t all rules and science. That would make for a terribly boring dinner party! Instead, it’s the art of taking a good beer, some good food and partnering them together to make something even better. It’s the adventure of discovering what works, what doesn’t and what you like. It’s you taking a bite, taking a sip and then declaring your undying love for that imperial stout and chocolate cake.
Barrel-ageing beers is not a new thing, but it is getting more and more popular, and has probably never been as inventive. Adrian Tierney-Jones explores the new wave of ageing beer in wood
Don't have an account yet? Register Here
Already have an account? Sign In Here
Earn Beer Tokens when you buy and review beer including from any guest orders in the last 3 days. Find out more
Birthday bonus (if you provide your date of birth)
Here you can validate your account with your phone number. If you do not have access to a phone or you do not receive the code, please make a standard return.
Please enter a valid phone number
We just sent you a verification code via SMS, please fill in the form below. If you have not received anything, you can ask to re-send the code. Re-send the code.
Please enter a verification code